java - Meta-inf / service in jar with gradle

I wanted to build a plugin module that can be loaded with a ServiceLoader. This requires adding a file to the META-INF/services directory, that is named after the service interface and that contains the qualifying path to the class that implements it. Then you can load these services by calling ServiceLoader.load().

Here is an example:

Say we want to provide a plugin interface called org.example.plugins.PluginService. We then provide an implementation of this service in the class org.example.plugins.impl.ExamplePlugin.

If we want to have some sort of plugin mechanism, we could create a JAR file, that contains the implementation. This JAR file must also contain the file META-INF/services/org.example.plugins.PluginService. This file must contain one line


to enable the ServiceLoader to find the implementation. If that JAR file is in the build path, you can load the plugin by calling

Iterator<PluginService> it = ServiceLoader.load(PluginService.class).iterator();

That iterator will give you access too all plugins that are found by the ServiceLoader.

For some reason Gradle doesn't include files into the META-INF directory by default. Is there a way to let the resulting JAR contain such a file?

I already found the method metaInf in class Jar. But I don't know groovy good enough to find the solution on my own.

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